Samyama & Brain-Glimpses for Yoga beginners
Samyama is the term used in Patanjali Yoga Sutras by Patanjali, Yoga guru. His compilation or research on Vedas, Upanishads, puranas brought formulas called “Sutras” in Sanskrit. As part of proof to the world and transferring the knowledge Patanjali really brought the Sutras for mankind. His work starts with understanding the mind later body and the transformations in three chapters. There is still a fourth chapter talks about “beyond our will and beliefs”. “Samyama” literally means contemplation, which requires combination of Dharana (focus with much efforts), Dhyana (focus effortlessly) and Samadhi (only meaning) (PYS-3.4). That is a single, effortless thought on meaning or purpose of the object. All together it is combination of somatic, autonomic, endocrine and immune responses termed as psycho-neuro-immunology. All these basic requirements in a regular and systematic way lead to potential changes at cellular level. Thought is considered to be as the tract of few neural connections with neurotransmitters and sense perception. Example, efforts for positive thinking, it will be typed in DNA of nucleus which preserves the neural networks, endocrine changes and immune responses. That results enormous behavioral changes stated as social health, part of the Quality of life. Hence “Samyama” by Patanjali proves that the bodily changes can be made by mind. As we think and make the habit, that will transform the cells and so the whole body. He also gave few examples for transformation from mind to body level, such as; “Samyama” on strengths of elephant (reminds about elephant face of Lord Ganesha), person gains strength of an elephant (PYS-3.25). Before gaining that, he gives a statement on training for elephant strength that is friendship (PYS-3.24).